Livelihood and Enterprise Development Programme (LEDP)

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ADARSA under LEDP (Livelihood and Enterprise Development Programme) ran a programme on ‘Organic Vegetable Cultivation’ in association with NABARD at Naktideul block, Sambalpur district. It was inaugurated at Sarapali Panchayat Hall, Naktideul block on 21st February,2019. Under 15 SHGs it covered around 167 members (conducted in 5 batches) across various villages namely Sarapali, Chandrapur, Upermunda and Bijagarh.



It was a 5-day programme (3 days theoretical and 2 days field level practical) conducted during April 2019. Various topic of discussion included:

  1. Compost- decayed organic material used as a fertilizer for growing plants
  2. Bio-Fertilizer- Biofertilizers are the substance that contains microorganism's living or latent cells. Biofertilizers increase the nutrients of host plants when applied to their seeds, plant surface or soil by colonizing the rhizosphere of the plant. Biofertilizers are more cost-effective as compared to chemical fertilizers.
  3. Green Manure crop- In agriculture, green manure is created by leaving uprooted or sown crop parts to wither on a field so that they serve as a mulch and soil amendment. The plants used for green manure are often cover crops grown primarily for this purpose.
  4. Green Leaf manure- Green leaf manuring can be defined as the pruning and collecting of green leaves and twigs from various trees, herbs and shrubs and then applying them elsewhere as fertilizers.
  5. Bio-pesticides- Biopesticides are natural pesticides that are sourced from natural materials, such as minerals, bacteria, plants, or animals. ... For example, baking soda and canola oil are officially classified as biopesticides that have pesticidal applications
  6. Farm Yard manure- This is the traditional manure and is mostly readily available to the farmers. Farm yard manure is a decomposed mixture of Cattle dung and urine with straw and litter used as bedding material and residues from the fodder fed to the cattle.
  7. Vermi Compost- Vermicompost is the product of the decomposition process using various species of worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms, to create a mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermicast is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by earthworms.


It was monitored by Project Implementation and Monitoring Committee (PIMC) comprising of DDM, Lead District Manager, Branch Managers of local banks, Project Implementing Agency (PIA), Resource Agency (RA), Community Resource Person (CRP), Master Trainers, Subject Matter Specialists, etc.